NetMission Insight: Diversity & Multistakeholder Participation

Written by Akram Rashid (Edited by Guntur Ramadhan)

Diversity is a concept that encompasses acceptance and respect by recognizing and understanding each individuals’ uniqueness and differences. Multi-stakeholder is on a basic level participatory decision-making and data sharing at the national level. Key partners ought to be spoken to and choose what issues to center on and what activities to require. The Internet is concerned, with multi-stakeholder participation in its governance seems to be more complex than in several alternative instances of multi-stakeholder participation. The ways within which the Internet was designed has both allowed and disallowed specific kinds of behavior online meaning that the actions that led to the creation of the Internet were already acts of governance 

ICANN is composed of diverse Internet stakeholders from around the world and practices policy making, also known as a “bottom-up” model. The inclusive approach adopted by ICANN treats the public sector, the private sector, and technical experts on equal footing. ICANN’s fundamental belief is that all users of the Internet deserve a say in how it functions. However, this multi-stakeholder decision must be for sustainable problem-solving. 

Digital cooperation is vital to engage with the private sector, the technical community, and civil society and is essential to the future we want. Because of that IGF+ was proposed in the high-level discussion relating to The Age of Digital Interdependence. That’s why we need a digital roadmap, which is to make a digital transformation, usually a plan on how to get there.

Whereas the digital area has brought us numerous extraordinary benefits, we are too confronting numerous challenges. Based on recommendations from the Secretary-General’s High-level Panel for Digital Cooperation convened from 2018-2019, and further informed by a series of roundtable discussions with key stakeholders from Governments, the private sector, civil society, international organizations, academic institutions, the technical community, and other relevant stakeholders, the following set of actions are envisaged:

  1. Achieving universal connectivity by 2030
  2. Promoting digital public goods to create a more equitable world
  3. Ensuring digital inclusion for all, including the most vulnerable
  4. Strengthening digital capacity-building
  5. Ensuring the protection of human rights in the digital era
  6. Supporting global cooperation on artificial intelligence
  7. Promoting trust and security in the digital environment
  8. Building a more effective architecture for digital cooperation

Internet Governance usually implements a bottom-up approach leadership style where it allows for communication and continued fluidity as they are able to consider a greater number of opinions when making decisions. Rather than having a singular, overarching leader responsible for decision-making, ideas are exchanged across a widespread group. That’s why to solve a complex problem, people who are participating must understand and know what their stake is representing in the multistakeholder forum. A common understanding of what the internet is and what makes it run is important to the internet society to understand the issues.  This helps people that if you want to change certain things about the internet people need to understand how it affects the internet itself and make sure that the decision that you’re making you understand the implication and the cost can be paid.